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Email contact: "John" at johnbohannon. org

My recent articles...
   
GENEIUS
John Bohannon
Wired 16 July 2013, p. 117-123

Zhao Bowen is leading a multimillion-dollar research effort to solve a genetic mystery: What makes some people so smart? And how can we make more of them?
   
   
Study Links Climate Change and Violence, Battle Ensues
John Bohannon
Science 2 August 2013, p. 444-445

In many cities, violence spikes with the temperature. Some social scientists say that the same could be true globally, proposing that climate change could lead to escalating violence. Now, a study published online this week in Science tries to quantify the increase.
   
Scientists, Protests Morph Into Fight for Academic Freedom
John Bohannon
Science 26 July 2013, p. 332-333

Tensions between Turkey's mostly secular scientific community and the conservative Islamic government are intensifying, sending many academics and students to join the still simmering demonstrations. Yet science is at the heart of the government's ambitions, and the focus of its largesse.
   
Survey of Peers in Fieldwork Highlights an Unspoken Risk
John Bohannon
Science 19 April 2013, p. 265

A bioanthropologist and her colleagues released troubling data at the annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists from a survey of colleagues' fieldwork experiences. It revealed a high incidence of sexual harassment, with abuses ranging from subtle gender exclusion to sexual assault. The victims were mostly female, and the perpetrators were mostly senior researchers, sometimes the victim's own fieldwork mentor.
   
Genealogy Databases Enable Naming of Anonymous DNA Donors
John Bohannon
Science 18 January 2013, p. 262

By applying an algorithm to anonymized genomes from a research database and doing some online sleuthing with popular genealogy Web sites, researchers were able to guess the true identities of DNA donors. Privacy concerns have been raised about publicly accessible genome data before, and managers of a popular repository were aware of the risks posed, but few people had guessed how easy deanonymizing the data was. As genealogy databases and other resources improve, how can individuals be protected, and what are the implications?
   
Can Afghan Universities Recover From War, Taliban, and Neglect?
John Bohannon
Science 10 August 2012, p. 639-641

KABUL--After 3 decades of war, Afghanistan desperately needs people with scientific and technical training. With the help of the United States and other countries, Afghan academics are beginning to pick up the pieces. But a deadline looms: International military forces are preparing to leave the country by the end of 2014, and it's anybody's guess what will happen after they are gone.
   
Cradle of Invention
by John Bohannon
Wired 20 January 2012

DOHA--An engineering reality show is a huge hit on Arab television. It takes young scientists from across the Arab world and gives them a shot at the American dream of becoming inventor-entrepreneurs. The only wrinkle: Some contestants may be arrested and tortured when they go home.
   
The Winners of the 2011 Dance Your PhD contest
by John Bohannon
Science 20 October 2011

This year's winning PhD dances were based on titanium chemistry, X-ray crystallography, pigeon behavior, and fruit fly sex.
   

Why Is Exercise Good for You?
by John Bohannon
Discover Magazine

The harder you run a complex machine, the faster it breaks down. Why is it the opposite for the human body? John Bohannon investigates, using his own body.

   

Social Science for Pennies
John Bohannon
Science 21 October 2011, p. 307

Social scientists nowadays are ordering research subjects through Amazon.com. The company runs an online marketplace called Mechanical Turk for people across the world available to do work on computers. For tiny sums, anyone can hire people to perform almost any kind of simple task, including experiments.

   

Searching for the Google Effect on People's Memory
John Bohannon
Science 15 July 2011, p. 277

In four cleverly designed experiments reported online this week in Science, psychologists explore how the Internet may be changing the way people remember information. The results, the researchers say, confirm a growing belief that people are using the Internet as a personal memory bank: the so-called Google effect. What surprised the researchers most was not people's reliance on online information but their ability to find it.

   

Counting the Dead in Afghanistan
John Bohannon
Science 11 March 2011, p. 1256-1260

CIVCAS, a military data set of civilian casualties released to Science, shows that the war has become more lethal to the Afghan population. But while the total number of civilian casualties is increasing, the data indicate that the military has adapted, causing a shrinking share of the death and injuries in spite of last year’s surge in troops and combat operations. Improvised explosive devices continue to be the number one killer in the country. These and other data related to civilian casualties in Afghanistan are now available for researchers. They provide the clearest picture yet of the human cost of the war.

All of the data are publicly available here:

http://scim.ag/afghandata

   
War as a Laboratory for Trauma Research
John Bohannon
Science 11 March 2011, p. 1261-1263

Medical researchers are being deployed onto the battlefield in Iraq and Afghanistan. IEDs are the number one risk, often combining burns, deep lacerations from shrapnel, and brain trauma from blast waves. Injuries like these are too rare to study in peacetime, creating a natural laboratory for trauma medicine. But war is also the most chaotic and stressful environment imaginable for doing science.
   

The Science Hall of Fame
John Bohannon
Science 14 January 2011

Who would be on a list of the most famous scientists of the past two centuries, and how would they rank against each other? The constraint: To determine membership, you have to rely on the consensus of millions of people presently alive, and for the ranking, you must rigorously survey millions of people who lived over the past 200 years. Impossible? Not any more. This is culturomics in action.

 

Google Books, Wikipedia, and the Future of Culturomics
John Bohannon
Science 14 January 2011, p. 135

In the new field of culturomics, Wikipedia is proving to be a crucial resource. But the online encyclopedia's shortcomings are becoming clear, from the reliability of its information to the organization of its content. Several efforts are under way to improve it, including one by the Association for Psychological Science.

 

Meeting for Peer Review at a Resort That's Virtually Free
John Bohannon
Science 7 January 2011, p. 27

With budgets tightening, scientific organizations like the National Science Foundation are exploring ways to reduce the number of their physical meetings by holding virtual-reality meetings in the online world of Second Life. Proponents see it as a win-win scenario, saving not only time and money but also carbon emissions. Whether the technology is up to the task is another matter.

   

The birth of culturomics
John Bohannon
Science 17 December 2010, p. 1600

Mathematicians have used Google Books, the company's ambitious—and controversial—project to digitally scan every page of every book ever published, to analyze the growth, change, and decline of published words over the centuries. The first explorations of the Google Books data are now on display in a study published online this week by Science. The researchers have revealed 500,000 English words missed by all dictionaries, tracked the rise and fall of ideologies and famous people, and, perhaps most provocatively, identified possible cases of political suppression unknown to historians.

 
Building a Parallel Universe
John Bohannon
Wired Magazine 29 November 2010

Scientists at Harvard want to create a cell that is a mirror image of normal life down to the molecular level. It could revolutionize medicine and industry. It could also kill us all by causing an ice age that reboots life on this planet.

   
 

Preserving African Cultural Heritage (Dakar):
John Bohannon
Science 26 November 2010, p. 1174 - 1175

Archaeologists, or Activists?
As Africa is rapidly transformed by development, heritage sites are being destroyed faster than they can be studied. Researchers are pondering how to draw the line between the archaeological science and activism.

Latter-Day Livingstone Digs Along the Congo
It was like a scene from Heart of Darkness, but with a happy ending and exciting scientific results. A wiry, bearded Belgian named Alexandre Livingstone Smith described the first archaeological survey down the Congo River.

Early Dates For Diepkloof
Researchers who study the famed Diepkloof rock shelter in South Africa claim to have the oldest signs of sophisticated human behavior.

   

Leaked Documents Provide Bonanza for Researchers
John Bohannon
Science 29 October 2010, p. 575

The Pentagon is fuming after last week's release of a huge cache of classified Iraq War data by the organization WikiLeaks. But researchers struggling to build an accurate picture of the death toll in post-invasion Iraq are thrilled. Besides the number of casualties, the release includes geographic locations of the violence and other information that has not been available until now.

   

IEEE Conference on Computational Intelligence and Games (Copenhagen):
John Bohannon
Science 1 October 2010, p. 30 - 31

Game-miners Grapple with Massive Data
Researchers have been using massively multiplayer online games as natural laboratories, but the data are a challenge to interpret.

Smarts for Serious Games
Games used for teaching and training are too dumb, according to a Dutch computer scientist. So he is building a new architecture for so-called serious games that uses artificial-intelligence techniques.

Killer Bots Are Getting Human
It was a leap forward for AI at this year's 2K BotPrize, a competition to create artificially intelligent game-playing agents. The winning bot used machine consciousness rather than just mimicking human behaviors.

   

Linda Bartoshuk: A taste for controversy
John Bohannon
Science 18 June 2010, p. 1471 - 1473

Linda Bartoshuk is famous for discovering "supertasters", those among us with far more taste buds than normal. Now she's using people's tongues as a Rosetta stone to find the "perfect tomato".

   

The Gonzo Scientist
Episode 12:

Galileo in Senegal
John Bohannon
Science 16 April 2010

Thought experiment:

What if instead of being persecuted by the Inquisition, Galileo had been sent to distant lands as a missionary? Instead of bibles, he carried telescopes. What would that look like?

We did the experiment. See the results for yourself.

   
Telescopes for the People
John Bohannon
Science 15 April 2010, p. 296

The International Year of Astronomy 2009 has come and gone, and the Galileoscope project, one of the most ambitious parts of the global IYA campaign, was supposed to be wrapped up by now. The original goal was to put telescopes in the hands of the millions of people attending IYA events. But then the global financial crisis hit. The scientists on the team were forced to become instant entrepreneurs to keep the Galileoscope project alive.

   
Madagascar's Forests Get a Reprieve—But for How Long?
John Bohannon
Science 2 April 2010, p. 23 - 25

Conservation biologists are cautiously celebrating a victory in the effort to pull Madagascar's unique biota back from the brink of extinction. Last week, after months of pressure from scientists, conservation groups, and foreign diplomats, Madagascar's military rulers announced a ban on the logging and exportation of rosewood, a commodity from a threatened ecosystem. Logging of rosewood was banned before but resumed after a military coup toppled Madagascar's science-friendly government a year ago and relaxed controls. By decree on 24 March, the military government reversed its decision of 6 months earlier.

   

 

The Nile Delta's Sinking Future
John Bohannon
Science 19 March 2010, p. 1444 - 1447

As Egypt celebrates the 50th anniversary of the start of the construction of the Aswan High Dam, some scientists say that this wonder of engineering is contributing to an environmental catastrophe that could force millions of its citizens to abandon the lush, fertile delta. The worst of these is coastal erosion and subsidence, the compacting of the delta soil. For millennia, the untamed Nile compensated for these natural processes by delivering fresh sediments along with its fresh water. The dam, however, now blocks the sediments far upstream of Cairo. As a result, the delta is sinking. At the same time, the Mediterranean Sea is expected to rise as a result of global warming.

   

 

African Physicists Set Their Sights on Mammoth Scope
John Bohannon
Science 22 January 2010, p. 400

A meeting last week in the Senegalese capital not only was the first physics conference spanning the continent but also became a rally for African science, including the establishment of a new African Physical Society. On the minds of many here was the Square Kilometre Array, a next-generation radio telescope that will probe gas clouds in the early universe with a collecting area 100 times that of the Very Large Array in Socorro, New Mexico. A lengthy site-selection process has already eliminated China and South America, leaving just Africa and Australia.

 

How Many Have Died Due to Congo's Fighting? Scientists Battle Over How to Estimate War-Related Deaths
John Bohannon and John Travis
ScienceInsider 21 January 2010

The battlefield for scientists fighting over how to best estimate war-related deaths has moved from Iraq to the Congo. Yesterday, a new report looking at the overall picture of wartime mortality offered new estimates of the number of people in the Democratic Republic of the Congo who had died due to the fighting there since 1998. The numbers are dramatically lower than the widely quoted 5.4 million figure issued by the International Rescue Committee (IRC).

 

The Gonzo Scientist
Episode 11:

Do Scientists Like Green Porno?
John Bohannon
Science 25 September 2009

The Gonzo Scientist introduces a group of researchers to Green Porno, a series of cartoonlike vignettes about the sex life of animals, and asks them what they think of seeing their discoveries transformed into sexy art.

Counterterrorism's New Tool: ‘Metanetwork’ Analysis
John Bohannon
Science 24 July 2009, p. 409 - 411

A decade ago, most research on social networks was abstract and academic. But in the wake of the 11 September 2001 attacks, interest in applying this research to warfare exploded. Researchers are now vying for a piece of the military funding. Some worry that in the rush to catch terrorists, the U.S. military has put too much faith in social network analysis. One former U.S. official even claims that applying these methods in war zones has led to unethical practices

The Gonzo Scientist
Results From the Science Dance Match-Up Challenge

John Bohannon
Science 5 June 2009

How well did you do in the Science Dance Match-Up Challenge? Compare yourself to the hundreds of other people around the world who tried to guess which of four research papers inspired which of four modern dances commissioned by AAAS.

Replication of this experiment at the New York Times

 
Gamers Unravel the Secret Life of Protein
John Bohannon
Wired Magazine 20 April 2009

How protein molecules fold themselves into shape is a scientific mystery. Not even supercomputers can simulate it. But a 13-year old boy playing a computer game can.

   
 

The Gonzo Scientist
Episode 10:

The Science Dance Match-Up Challenge


John Bohannon
Science 17 April 2009

Can science-turned-art be turned back into science? The Gonzo Scientist asks readers to view the final output of the 2009 AAAS/Science Dance Contest and see if they can figure out which dance was based on which scientific research article.

Replication of this experiment at the New York Times

   
Madagascar's Coup Endangers Science and Scientists
John Bohannon
Science 27 March 2009, p. 1654 - 1655

The government of Madagascar was toppled last week in a bloody military coup that is playing havoc with the research efforts, and lives, of the many scientists studying the island's rich biodiversity.

   

EPIDEMIOLOGY:
Author of Iraqi Deaths Study Sanctioned

John Bohannon
Science 6 March 2009, p. 1278

The lead author of a controversial study that concluded that the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 caused a high number of violent deaths--more than 600,000 Iraqis--has been sanctioned for a lapse in ethics.

Letter to the Editor from Michael Spagat

Letter to the Editor from Francesco Checchi

   

The Gonzo Scientist
Episode 9:

Gourmet Food, Served by Dogs
John Bohannon
Science 20 February 2009

Starting with a dog-led truffle hunt and ending with a dog food taste-test, the Gonzo Scientist takes a real-world tour of hedonics (with audio slideshow of the truffle hunt).

The dog food research paper that I spun off from this story.

Stephen Colbert eating cat food on television as a result.

GENETICS:
Rooting Around the Truffle Genome

John Bohannon
Science 20 February 2009, p. 1006 - 1007

A favorite of gourmets, truffles are revealing their delicious secrets to the biologists studying the mysterious fungi.
EVOLUTION:
Vatican Science Conference Offers an Ambiguous Message

John Bohannon
Science 14 November 2008, p. 1038

Scientists who hoped for a clear statement of support for evolution from the Catholic Church at a closed-door conference on evolutionary origins held at the Vatican last week went home empty-handed. Others, expecting little, were happy with a détente between science and faith.

The Gonzo Scientist
Episode 8:

Flunking Spore
John Bohannon
Science 24 October 2008

The blockbuster video game Spore is being marketed as a science-based adventure that brings evolution, cell biology, and even astrophysics to the masses. But after grading the game's science with a team of researchers, the Gonzo Scientist has some bad news.

Call for submissions:

The 2009 AAAS/Science Dance Contest
John Bohannon
Science 10 October 2008

The Man Who Went Up a Hill and Came Down a Pyramid

Discover Magazine, 22 October 2008
by John Bohannon

A group of Bosnian hills might contain the world’s greatest pyramids—or its greatest pyramid scheme.

The Gonzo Scientist
Episode 7:

How Astronomers Have Fun (and Nearly Die Trying)
John Bohannon
Science 5 September 2008

WESTERN MONGOLIA--In this installment, the Gonzo Scientist risks life and limb to reach the Gobi Desert in time to help rescue the sun from being swallowed by the dragon-god Rah.

ACOUSTICS '08:
Snapshots From the Meeting

John Bohannon
Science 18 July 2008, p. 338- 339

PARIS--Snapshots from the Acoustics '08 meeting include studies of how speech betrays fatigue and how polar bears and tigers hear.

Major European Cities Are Quietly Missing Antinoise Deadline
John Bohannon
Science 11 July 2008, p. 189

PARIS--European acoustical scientists admit that they and most policymakers are not close to meeting an 18 July deadline to develop action plans to shush the European Union's largest cities.

The Gonzo Scientist
Episode 6:

Slaying Monsters for Science
John Bohannon
Science 20 June 2008

ORGRIMMAR, KALIMDOR--The first scientific conference held in Azeroth, the online universe of the role-playing game World of Warcraft, went off virtually without a hitch. Although the participants all died during the final day's social event — a massive raid on an enemy fort — they agree that this event is a glimpse at the future of scientific exchange.



Confusing Kinships
John Bohannon
Science 23 May 2008, p. 1031 - 1033

Understanding microbial evolution and ecology rests on a solid classification system, but coming up with one is difficult. Scientists admit they may need the help of philosophers.
Scientists, we need your swords!
John Bohannon
Science 18 April 2008

Put on your tabard and join troll huntress Gonzorina (a.k.a. the Gonzo Scientist) and her fearsome pet, Darwin, at the first scientific conference in World of Warcraft, to be held 9 to 11 May.
Team Unveils Mideast Archaeology Peace Plan
John Bohannon
Science 18 April 2008, p. 302

Last week in Jerusalem, a small team of Americans, Israelis, and Palestinians presented a peace plan for the Holy Land’s archaeological riches.

Weighing the Climate Risks of an Untapped Fossil Fuel
John Bohannon
Science 28 March 2008, p. 1753


VIENNA-- As the energy industry hungrily eyes methane hydrates, scientists ponder the fuel’s impact on climate.

The Gonzo Scientist
Episode 5:

Play It Again, Robot
John Bohannon
Science 21 March 2008

One advantage robot musicians have over humans, the Gonzo Scientist learns in this installment, is that they don't need coffee breaks. But both types of performers share one problem: "If you ignore your audience, they ignore you."

The Gonzo Scientist
Episode 4:

Can Scientists Dance?
John Bohannon
Science 15 February 2008

An experimental DJ uses a DNA sequencer to make club music. It inspires the Gonzo Scientist to host the first-ever "Dance Your Ph.D." contest to answer the question, "Can scientists dance?"

Coverage of this story by...
The Guardian
The New York Times
The Daily Telegraph
CBC radio
CNN
Environmental Graffiti
Inkling Magazine
Wired

CLIMATE CHANGE:
The Big Thaw Reaches Mongolia's Pristine North

John Bohannon
Science 1 February 2008, p. 567-568

LAKE HOVSGOL, MONGOLIA--As warmer temperatures affect plants, animals, and human society, researchers ask whether ecological changes can be reversed.

EPIDEMIOLOGY:
Calculating Iraq's Death Toll: WHO Study Backs Lower Estimate

John Bohannon
Science 18 January 2008, p. 273

A new estimate of the number of Iraqis who died violently in the first 40 months following the U.S.-led invasion--between 104,000 and 223,000--hews close to some other attempts to quantify the toll but comes in far below a controversial 2006 estimate of 600,000 violent deaths during the same period.

The Gonzo Scientist
Episode 3:

The Gonzonaut Goes to Mars
John Bohannon
Science 14 December 2007

In this installment, our intrepid Gonzo Scientist slips the surly bonds of Earth (well, sort of) and learns that wearing a space suit can be dangerous on Earth (actually).

The Freeing of the Tripoli Six
Discover Magazine, November 2007
by John Bohannon

The inside story of how scientists saved medical workers from a Libyan firing squad.

MICHAEL WALKER:
Seeking Nature's Inner Compass

John Bohannon
Science 9 November 2007: p. 904 - 907

AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND--Michael Walker has navigated cultures and courted controversy in his quest to prove that life forms possess a single organ for perceiving magnetic fields: a sensor based on magnetite.
The Genoa Festival of Science:
Celebrating Food, Feces, and 3 Billion Years of Evolution


By John Bohannon
ScienceNOW
7 November 2007

The Gonzo Scientist
Episode 2:

Happy 300th Birthday, Linnaeus
John Bohannon
Science 2 November 2007

In addition to inventing modern taxonomy, Carl Linnaeus published works on the origin, preparation, and health effects of food. To celebrate the 300th anniversary of Linnaeus's birth, Bohannon spends 3 days in Sweden sampling recreations of 18th century meals, from peasant food to a royal banquet.

ASTRONOMY:
Tooled-Up Amateurs Are Joining Forces With the Professionals

John Bohannon
Science 12 October 2007: p. 192 - 193

BARCELONA, SPAIN--Hobbyists who love the night sky are finding that their skills, and telescopes, are in demand with academic astronomers.

The Gonzo Scientist
Episode 1:

A Summer Camp for Grown-Up Geeks
John Bohannon
Science 14 September 2007

"Summer camps" focused on science and technology themes have been sprouting everywhere in recent years. Bohannon provides an intimate look at what happens when grownups go back to camp.

PROFILE: ALBERT AMMERMAN
Exploring the Prehistory of Europe, in a Few Bold Leaps

John Bohannon
Science 13 July 2007: p. 188 - 189

Nissi Bay, Cyprus--Archaeology’s Renaissance man, Albert Ammerman, takes a new plunge--into the topic that made him leave a life of literature for a "$10-a-day" life.
SPECIAL ISSUE:
UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATION

'Can't Have a Career Without English'
John Bohannon
Science 6 July 2007: p. 66

VIENNA, AUSTRIA--Katrin Schäfer helps students acquire the skills they need to live and work in a global scientific community.

'A Crisis in Student Quantity and Quality'
John Bohannon
Science 6 July 2007: p. 73

MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA--Kath Handasyde enlists native species, assertive Americans, and anything else on hand to rekindle a passion for science among undergrads.

GEOPHYSICS:
Stalking a Volcanic Torrent

John Bohannon
Science 15 June 2007: p. 1562 - 1563

MOUNT RUAPEHU, NEW ZEALAND--The setting of the climax of the Lord of the Rings, New Zealand's Mount Ruapehu, is earning a second reputation as a laboratory for understanding killer mudslides.

CLIMATE CHANGE:
IPCC Report Lays Out Options for Taming Greenhouse Gases

John Bohannon
Science 11 May 2007: p. 812 - 814

BANGKOK--Reining in climate change won't bankrupt the world economy and won't require technological miracles, but we'll have to start soon, concludes Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
BIG FACILITIES:
Researchers Get in Synch Down Under
John Bohannon
Science 27 April 2007: p. 531

MELBOURNE--Last week, the state of Victoria unveiled the $170 million Australian Synchrotron--the nation's first--set to come online in July.
DANCE:
From the Big Bang to the Mind
John Bohannon
Science 13 April 2007: p. 203

BARCELONA--The latest choreography by Cesc Gelabert, created in collaboration with neuroscientist Óscar Vilarroya, is structured around the emergences of matter, life, and consciousness. Bohannon reviews.

PUBLIC HEALTH:
Hard Data on Hard Drugs, Grabbed From the Environment

John Bohannon
Science 6 April 2007: p. 42-44

BARCELONA--Scientists are looking for drugs, but instead of interrogating people, they're turning to the environment. Fieldwork in this new and fast-growing area of epidemiology requires wads of cash and a familiarity with sewer lines.

METAGENOMICS:
Ocean Study Yields a Tidal Wave of Microbial DNA

John Bohannon
Science 16 March 2007: p. 1486-1487

After relishing the role of David to the Human Genome Project's Goliath, J. Craig Venter is now positioning himself as a Charles Darwin of the 21st century.

Sailing the Southern Sea
John Bohannon
Science 16 March 2007: p. 1520-1521

An international project aims to sort out the dynamics of climate and nutrient fluxes in this polar ocean community.

MATHEMATICS:
Quasi-Crystal Conundrum Opens a Tiling Can of Worms

John Bohannon
Science 23 February 2007: p. 1066

In this week's issue of Science, physicists propose that sometime between the 13th and 15th centuries, Islamic architects created mosaic patterns that conform almost exactly to a pattern called a quasi-crystal--500 years before it was formally described in the West. But controversy is also brewing over how to interpret the patterns, and who first spotted their significance.

Special Issue: Sustainability and Energy
Science 9 February 2007

TARIQ RAUF PROFILE:
Treading the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Minefield

VIENNA--Tariq Rauf has the unenviable job of making the International Atomic Energy Agency's international fuel bank work. And the clock is ticking.

From Greener Production to Carbon Trading: Sustainable Energy Careers
WEST JERUSALEM--At the Israeli environmental consulting firm Assif Strategies, Elisheva White identifies potential carbon-trading projects.

Photovoltaics in Focus
NEGEV DESERT--Instead of spreading photovoltaic cells wide to catch the sun, physicist David Faiman uses them sparingly but concentrates the sunlight with huge mirrors, boosting efficiency. Science 23 February 2007 315: 1066
MUSIC: Riffs on Numerical Themes
John Bohannon
Science 26 January 2007: p. 462-463

Rudresh Mahanthappa performs jazz music based on number theory. Bohannon reviews.

ARCHAEOLOGY:
Researchers Helpless as Bosnian Pyramid Bandwagon Gathers Pace

John Bohannon
Science 22 December 2006: p. 1862

LONDON--Last week, the European Association of Archaeologists published an open letter to the Bosnian government calling Semir Osmanagiç's alleged discovery of 12,000-year-old pyramids in Bosnia "a cruel hoax on an unsuspecting public [which] has no place in the world of genuine science." But Osmanagiç's influence and popularity have only grown.
GLOBAL WARMING:
U.N. Conference Puts Spotlight on Reducing Impact of Climate Change

Richard Stone and John Bohannon
Science 24 November 2006: p. 1224 - 1225

NAIROBI--Here at the annual U.N. conference of nations that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol, delegates fleshed out an Adaptation Fund that will funnel assistance to developing countries that bear the brunt of climate change. But disagreement over who will control the money will delay implementation until next year's meeting at the earliest.
SOCIAL SCIENCE:
Tracking People's Electronic Footprints

John Bohannon
Science 10 November 2006: p. 914-916

OXFORD--Digital records, faster computers, and a growing tool kit of mathematical models are now giving social scientists a boost in analytical power.

Bohannon also talks with officials at Google. The search engine data are a potential social science gold mine. The company has kept quiet about academic research collaborations, until now.

HUMAN RIGHTS:
Scientists Urge Libya to Free Medics

John Bohannon
Science 27 October 2006: p. 581

In a letter published online this week by Science, U.S. scientists are adding their voices to mounting international pressure on Libya to release six foreign medical workers who could face execution within weeks.
EPIDEMIOLOGY:
Iraqi Death Estimates Called Too High; Methods Faulted

John Bohannon
Science 20 October 2006: p. 396 - 397

A new estimate of the number of Iraqis who have died as a consequence of the U.S.-led invasion in March 2003 has ignited a firestorm of its own. At 400,000 to 800,000 deaths, the new number is at least 10 times higher than estimates cited by the Iraqi government and U.S.-led coalition.

See also:

An exchange between Bohannon and the study's authors

BRIAN O'NEILL PROFILE:
Trying to Lasso Climate Uncertainty

John Bohannon
Science 13 October 2006: p. 243 - 244


LAXENBURG--An expert on climate and population looks for a way to help society avoid a "Wile E. Coyote" catastrophe.

Mad About Pyramids
John Bohannon
Science 22 September 2006: p. 1718 - 1720

SARAJEVO--With the violent 1990s behind them, archaeologists in Bosnia hoped they would receive more support for academic research; instead, they are being pushed aside by amateurs.
Running Out of Water--and Time
John Bohannon
Science 25 August 2006: p. 1085 - 1087

RAFAH--Geography, politics, and war combine to make the Gaza Strip a worst-case scenario for water-resource planners.

THIS ARTICLE WON the 2006 Reuters-IUCN Media Award for Excellence in Environmental Reporting in Europe

SCIENCE IN IRAN:
Picking a Path Among the Fatwas

John Bohannon
Science 21 July 2006: p. 292 - 293

TEHRAN--Scientists in Iran find themselves challenged by true believers; some are trying to negotiate a peaceful compromise.

ISRAEL-PALESTINE SCIENCE:
John Bohannon
Science 21 April 2006: p. 352 - 356

Bridging the Divide in the Holy Land
JERUSALEM
--Israeli and Palestinian scientists are working together in a research program that seems all the more daring now that Hamas has come to power.

Palestinian Archaeology Braces for a Storm
RAMALLAH
--The election of Hamas to the Palestinian government in January has caused some countries to suspend direct aid to the Palestinian territories, making the future of Palestinian archaeology uncertain yet again.

Breaking Up Bomb Plots--and Habitats?
WADI FUQEEN
--Critics on both sides of the partially constructed 670-kilometer security barrier between Israel and the Palestinian territories say it may be wreaking havoc on the environment.

JUST CHECK IT!
Toxicology comes to rave parties in Vienna
John Bohannon
The Scientist, 5 December 2005, p. 56

VIENNA--If you can't beat them, join them. A group of Austrian scientists and health workers are setting up laboratory booths at massive rave parties. What do they offer? Free chemical analysis of your drugs. What's the cost? Nothing.
Families Reunited

John Bohannon

Oxford Today, Vol. 18 No. 1, Michaelmas 2005

A revolution is underway at Oxford University's Botanic Gardens, with art and science colliding in celebration of the new genetics. John Bohannon takes a stroll through millions of years of evolution expressed in garden form.

ARATA KOCHI PROFILE:
Fighting Words From WHO's New Malaria Chief

John Bohannon
Science 11 November 2005: p. 962-963

Just months into his new job, Arata Kochi is battling big pharma on drug resistance. Bold words from a normally meek WHO.
SUSAN GREENFIELD PROFILE
The Baroness and the Brain
John Bohannon
Science 11 November 2005: p. 962-963

OXFORD--Best known for her popular writing, neuroscientist Susan Greenfield has launched a new center at Oxford to investigate consciousness.
BUILDING SAFETY:
Directing the Herd: Crowds and the Science of Evacuation

John Bohannon
Science 14 October 2005: p. 219-221

VIENNA--No skyscrapers are designed to be able to disgorge all their occupants in a dire emergency like the attack on the World Trade Center towers. Can they be made safer?

AFTER KATRINA:
Katrina Leaves Behind a Pile of Scientific Questions
John Bohannon
Science 23 September 2005: p. 1981

Amid the cleanup in Katrina's wake, scientists are rushing into the field to gather data before they disappear.

VENICE:
A Sinking City Yields Some Secrets
John Bohannon
Science 23 September 2005: p. 1978-1980

VENICE--Like New Orleans, Venice is slowly subsiding. Several decades and $10 billion of research have not settled the debate over what to do about the "Venice problem," but studies of the city's famed lagoon are providing insights for other coastal cities on pollution and climate change.

HURRICANE KATRINA:
Scientists Weigh Options for Rebuilding New Orleans

 John Bohannon and Martin Enserink
Science 16 September 2005; 309: 1808-1809

As experts ponder how best to rebuild the devastated city, one question is whether to wall off--or work with--the water.

NUCLEAR MEDICINE:
Panel Puts Eventual Chornobyl Death Toll in Thousands

John Bohannon
Science 9 September 2005: p. 1663

VIENNA--A study released this week predicts that 4000 people or even more will die from cancers caused by the 1986 Chornobyl nuclear accident, a figure that dwarfs the 50 known deaths linked to the disaster so far.

NANOMATERIALS:
'Smart Coatings' Research Shows The Virtues of Superficiality
John Bohannon 
Science 15 July 2005; 309: 376-377

BERLIN--Thin, shallow, and out to strike it rich: High-tech protective paints and varnishes look poised to become the first "killer apps" for nanotechnology, boasting abilities ranging from corrosion resistance to fire prevention.

DANCE REVIEW:
Constant Speed

John Bohannon 
Science 1 July 2005: p. 59

LONDON--To celebrate the centennial of Einstein's most productive year of work, the young choreographer Mark Baldwin was commissioned to interpret the revolutionary's scientific theories in dance form.

Breath of fresh air or embarrassing flop? John Bohannon reviews.

MARINE BIOLOGY:
Microbe May Push Photosynthesis Into Deep Water

Science 24 June 2005; 308: 1855
John Bohannon

The announcement this week of a bacterium that appears to derive energy from light despite living in the inky depths of an ocean threatens to overthrow the dogma that photosynthesis depends on the sun.

DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING:
Grassroots Supercomputing
John Bohannon
Science 6 May 2005: p. 810-813

OXFORD--The internet as supercomputer? The phenomenally successful SETI@home program makes use of the idle PCs of millions of ordinary people around the world, working as a screen saver to quietly crunch away at radio-signal data from deep space. As John Bohannon describes in this special issue on computing, the same strategy is now being used by other researchers studying everything from climate change to gravitational waves and protein folding. The result is a virtual machine that dwarfs the top supercomputers. And the cost of using it? Nothing.

Bohannon also delves into the strange tribal world of the "crunchers": computer enthusiasts who turn scientific computing into sport.

SCIENCE IN LIBYA
From Pariah to Science Powerhouse?

John Bohannon
Science 8 April 2005, p. 182-185

TRIPOLI--Libya's longtime leader Muammar Gaddafi is inviting outsiders to help turn his country into a "northern star" of science and technology in Africa. The first tangible features of this vision, including a new disease research center and astronomical observatory, are under construction.

Western scientists are being invited to come work in the one-time pariah state. But the imminent execution of a group of foreign medics casts serious doubt on Libya's ambition to come in from the cold.

When Things Go Wrong in Libya
John Bohannon
Oxonian Review of Books 30 March 2005

TRIPOLI--With international sanctions now fully lifted, tourists are flocking to Libya. But meanwhile, six foreign medics are waiting to be executed by a Libyan firing squad for a crime they almost certainly did not commit.

John Bohannon examines the two faces of Libya: a tourist haven extolled by the Lonely Planet guide, and a human rights catastrophe detailed by Amnesty International.

In the Valley of Life, oil is death to the art of a lost civilisation
John Bohannon
The Guardian 10 February 2005

WADI AL-AJAL, LIBYA--In a race against time, laser-toting British archaeologists are trekking deep into the Sahara to document the remains of a prehistoric civilisation threatened by oil-prospecting.

Link to the Guardian article online: HERE

The best food I've tasted - but never seen
John Bohannon
Christian Science Monitor 13 October 2004

BERLIN--Diners at Unsicht-Bar are served by blind waiters in complete darkness. John Bohannon investigates the restaurant's appeal.

Eugenics stir emotions in Germany
John Bohannon
Christian Science Monitor 22 July 2004

BERLIN--Discussion of any type of genetic engineering is particularly sensitive given their country's Nazi past, but Germans are pushing for legal changes that, critics fear, could allow the creation of designer babies.

Einstein's Refuge
John Bohannon
Science 11 February 2005; 307: 853

BERLIN--Einstein spent the last carefree years of his life in a summer home he had built in Caputh, along the lakes southwest of Berlin. After that final summer in 1932 came the Third Reich, Princeton, the death of his wife, and the creation of the atomic bomb. John Bohannon visits the newly renovated house and finds it rife with history.

RICHARD VILLEMS PROFILE:
Cutting a Path in Genetics and International Diplomacy

John Bohannon
Science 17 December 2004; 306: 2030-2031

TARTU, ESTONIA--The newly elected president of the Estonian Academy of Sciences has long been a scientist-diplomat, first in dealings with the Soviet Union, now with the European Union.


THE REHABILITATION AND RESEARCH CENTER FOR TORTURE VICTIMS PROFILE:
Laying Abominable Ghosts to Rest

John Bohannon
Science 18 June 2004; 304: 1735-1736

COPENHAGEN--Using new techniques and an abundance of empathy, a pioneering center in Denmark is setting standards for how to heal the wounds, physical and emotional, of torture victims.

ROGER PAYNE PROFILE:
A Toxic Odyssey

John Bohannon
Science 11 June 2004; 304: 1584-1586

THE INDIAN OCEAN, 2°N, 72°E--Roger Payne's discovery of whale song helped make the animals icons of conservation; now he's helping turn them into symbols of how humans are poisoning the oceans

DEVELOPMENT SPENDING:
Economists Rate Greenhouse Gas Curbs a Poor Investment

John Bohannon
Science 4 June 2004; 304: 1429

COPENHAGEN--Investing in measures to rein in global warming is a waste of tax money, according to a varied group of economists, including three Nobel laureates, that met here last week to analyze spending on global problems.

10 YEARS AFTER APARTHEID:
Earth Sciences Seek Niche Apart From Mining Industry

John Bohannon
Science 16 April 2004; 304: 380-381

CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA--Powerful mining interests have long set the agenda for South African earth sciences. But perhaps not for much longer.

10 YEARS AFTER APARTHEID:
South Africa's Own Shooting Star

John Bohannon
Science 16 April 2004; 304: 379

CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA--Astronomer Thebe Medupe has taken on a mission: to attract black students into his field.

10 YEARS AFTER APARTHEID:
New South Africa Puts Emphasis on Reclaiming Humanity's Past

John Bohannon
Science 16 April 2004; 304: 377-378

ELANDS BAY, SOUTH AFRICA--Some of the world's most famous archaeological sites are to be found in South Africa, but so far few blacks have entered the field.

FRENCH RESEARCH:
One-Two Punch Leaves Physicists Gasping for Breath

John Bohannon and Barbara Casassus
Science 28 November 2003; 302: 1484

PARIS--Scientists in France are reeling from the news that one of the country's largest research institutions, the Commission for Atomic Energy, intends to pull out of two major physics facilities.

STEVE GOODMAN PROFILE:
Madagascar Tames the Bohemian of Biology

John Bohannon
Science 26 September 2003; 301: 1835-1837

ANKARAFANTSIKA NATIONAL PARK, MADAGASCAR--After a career that makes him sound like a biological Indiana Jones, Steve Goodman may have settled down, but he is still fighting to save this island's unique wildlife.

GUNTHER VON HAGENS PROFILE:
Anatomy's Full Monty

John Bohannon
Science 29 August 2003; 301: 1172-1175

DALIAN, CHINA--Gunther von Hagens developed a way to preserve tissue by replacing fluids with polymers. His "plastinated" body exhibits are drawing vast crowds. Is he the savior of anatomy, the "Disney of Death," or both?

JEAN-JACQUES DORDAIN PROFILE:
Applying Himself to the Business of Space
John Bohannon
Science 8 August 2003; 301: 759

PARIS--Far from being a threat to science, applied projects will be its savior, insists the new business-minded chief of the European Space Agency.

ITALIAN SCIENCE:
Industrial Renaissance or a New Dark Age?
John Bohannon and Alexander Hellemans
Science 30 May 2003; 300: 1354-1355

NAPLES--Italy's scientific community is in an uproar over long-dreaded reforms just unveiled by the government. The country's top science official and another key figure have resigned, while rank-and-file researchers are bemoaning a shakeup that could mark a dramatic turn toward applied projects.

ANTHRAX:
From Bioweapons Backwater to Main Attraction

John Bohannon
Science 18 April 2003; 300: 414-415

NICE--The anthrax research community has got together for the first time in 2 years, and they find themselves in a new field. The 2001 anthrax attacks in the United States have prompted a flood of new money into labs focusing on the causative agent, Bacillus anthracis.

Living in the Shadow of Vesuvius
John Bohannon
Science 28 March 2003; 299: 2020

NAPLES--Scientists at the oldest volcanological institute are keeping a tense vigil at Italy's Mount Vesuvius, which could threaten hundreds of thousands of people near its base if it were to awaken, and wrestling with the politics of civil protection.

SCIENTIFIC ADVICE:
Spanish Researchers Vent Anger Over Handling of Oil Spill

John Bohannon and Xavier Bosch
Science 24 January 2003; 299: 490

BARCELONA--Ever since the oil tanker Prestige sank in deep water off the Iberian coast on 19 November 2002, the Spanish government has been under fire for its handling of the accident. Now, in a letter on page 511, 422 marine and atmospheric scientists accuse the government of largely ignoring the scientific community in the aftermath of the spill.

ANIMAL MODELS:
Can a Mouse Be Standardized?
John Bohannon
Science 20 December 2002; 298: 2320-2321

OXFORD, U.K.--With new generations of mutant mice on the horizon, some researchers question the meaningfulness of standard behavioral tests and the wisdom of minimizing the mouse environment. There's accumulating evidence that the typical living conditions of lab mice might induce odd behaviors, from the subtle to the profound, that might obscure genetically based differences. The result: The same experiment can have different outcomes in different labs.

MEDICAL RESEARCH:
U.K. Researchers Hope for Clarity in Tissue Use

John Bohannon
Science 6 December 2002; 298: 1867-1869

CAMBRIDGE, U.K.--British medical researchers are facing major changes in the rules governing the scientific use of human tissues, the result of a series of scandals in the 1990s. Earlier this year, the U.K. government said it was considering drafting a law to prevent misuse of tissues. Bioethics committees have already tightened access to human tissues drastically, however, causing some projects to grind to a halt.


MARINE ECOLOGY:
Scientists Brace for Bad Tidings After Spill

John Bohannon, Xavier Bosch, and and Jay Withgott
Science 29 November 2002; 298: 1695

VIGO, SPAIN--A week ago, the hull of the tanker Prestige tore open and began disgorging a cargo of fuel oil off the Spanish coast; then on 19 November, fearsome, wind-whipped waves overwhelmed the stricken tanker, which ripped in half and sank. So far, 10,000 tons of oil are known to have leaked. The challenge for scientists is to predict what will happen to another 67,000 tons that went down with the ship and how it might harm life on the seabed.

FOOD AID:
Zambia Rejects GM Corn on Scientists' Advice

John Bohannon
Science 8 November 2002; 298: 1153-1154

CAMBRIDGE, U.K.--The government of Zambia last week rejected thousands of tons of corn donated by the United States because it is likely to contain genetically modified (GM) kernels, leaving an estimated 2.9 million people at risk of starvation. A delegation of Zambian scientists and economists had urged the government to reject the corn on the basis of the "precautionary principle" because studies of the health risks of GM foods "are inconclusive."

BIOINFORMATICS:
The Human Genome in 3D, at Your Fingertips

John Bohannon
Science 25 October 2002; 298: 737

AMSTERDAM--Even the most seasoned experts are daunted by the mountains of human genome data churned out by sequencing and microarray technologies. Now swishing through thickets of genes with a "light saber" in a virtual-reality room called Saragene could become a straightforward--and fun--way to make sense of the flood of genome data. The system could become available widely within a year.

IAN REDMOND PROFILE:
An 11th-Hour Rescue for Great Apes?

John Bohannon
Science 27 September 2002; 297: 2203

LONDON--Globetrotting conservation biologist Ian Redmond is spearheading a last-ditch effort to save embattled primate species from extinction--the United Nations Great Apes Survival Project (GRASP)--but the clock is ticking. The hope is that GRASP will succeed in protecting apes where others have failed because of its scope and credibility as an international partnership.

UNITED NATIONS:
Bush Brings U.S. Back to UNESCO

John Bohannon
Science 20 September 2002; 297: 1976

President George W. Bush announced to the United Nations General Assembly last week that the United States will rejoin the U.N. Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) after an 18-year absence. The announcement made few headlines, but at UNESCO headquarters in Paris it's the best news in years.